Capital Gains Tax
This is a direct tax and applies to the sales of all ‘assets’ if a profit (gain) has been made by the owner of the asset—a tax on the ‘gains’ one gets by selling assets. The tax has been classified into two—
(i) Short Term Capital Gain (STCG): It applies ‘if the Asset has been sold within 36 months of owning it’. In this case, the ‘rate’ of this tax is similar to the normal income tax slab. But the period becomes ‘12 months’ in cases of shares, mutual funds, units of the UTI and ‘zero coupon bond’—in this case the ‘rate’ of this tax is 15 per cent.
(ii) Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG): It applies ‘if the asset has been sold after 36 months of owning it’. In this case, the ‘rate’ of this tax is 20 per cent. In cases of shares, mutual funds, units of the UTI and ‘zero coupon bond’ there was ‘exemption’ (zero tax) though, recently, an LTCG of 10 per cent (above Rs. 1 lakh of capital gains) was introduced on them by the Government.
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