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Charter of 1813

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updated on September 23rd, 2019

  • The East India Company Act 1813, also known as the Charter Act 1813, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which renewed the charter issued to the British East India Company and continued the Company’s rule in India.
  • Company’s commercial monopoly was ended, except for the tea and opium trade and the trade with China
  • The Act expressly asserted the Crown’s sovereignty over British India
  • allotted 100,000 rupees, for education in India.
  • financial provision was also made to encourage a revival in Indian literature and for the promotion of science.
  • permitted Christian missionaries to propagate English and preach their religion.
  • Prior to the 1813 legislation, the British Parliament and the East India Company had refused to countenance missionary activity in India
  • The lifting of the prohibition, when it occurred, was not, however, a victory for missionaries, and did not precipitate official support for their activity; instead, they were subject to stringent checks
  • The power of the provincial governments and courts in India over European British subjects was also strengthened by the Act
  • As the British Parliament wanted to check the Europeans living in India.
  • The Company’s charter had previously been renewed by the Charter Act 1793 and was next renewed by the Charter Act 1833.
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