Posted in General Studies 2, Mains, UPSC

GS 2 Mains 2015

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updated on February 23rd, 2019

Answer all the questions in NOT MORE than 200 words each. Contents of the answers are more important than their length

1. Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy.

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2. The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings.

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3. In absence of a wel-educated and organized local level government systemPanchayats’ and Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of govermance, Critically discuss.

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4. Khap Panchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra-constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human rights violations Discuss critically the actions taken by the legislative, executive and the judiciary to set the things right in this regard

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5. Resorting to ordinances has always raised concerm on violation of the spirit of separation of powers doctrine. While noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate ordinances, analyze whether the decisions of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power. Should the power to promulgate ordinances be repealed?

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6. What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 through the recent Ordinance promulgated by the President How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mecha.

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7. Does the fight to clean environment entail legal regulations on buming crackers during Diwali Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Judgement(s) of the Apex Court in this regard

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8. Examine critically the recent changes in the rules goveming foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act FCRA), 1976.

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9. The SelfHelp Group (SGBank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective powerty alleviation and Women empowerment programmes. Elucidate.

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10. How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the major constraints.

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11. The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive, Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and technical education in the country? Discuss.

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12. Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage, Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the gap? What other wiable alternatives would you suggest?

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13. Though there have been several different estimates of powerty in India, all indicate raduction in poverty levels over time, Do you agree: Critically examine with reference to urban and rural powerty indicators.

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14. In the light of the Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in corporate govermance to ensure transparency, accountability.

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15. If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Act, 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically evaluate.

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16. “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous.” Discuss in the light of the experiences in recent past.

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17. Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pros and cons, Critically examine.

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18. Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat inUN Security Council.

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19. Project Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighboursDoes the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss.

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20. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries& Discuss with suitable examples.

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