Posted in General Studies 3, Internal Security, Uncategorized

Internal Security – How to prepare Internal Security for UPSC?

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updated on May 7th, 2019

UPSC Mains Syllabus covered in this category

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Topics you need to read in this category

Linkages between development and spread of extremism

India’s economic security: facts and figures
*Rise of extremist tendencies in the Indian subcontinent: Left-wing and Right wing
*Naxalite ideology and objectives
*Regional disparities and inequality in developmental activities
*Development challenges in extremist affected areas: health care, education, infrastructure, connectivity etc
*The Condition of Dalits, Adivasis and marginalized groups
*Laws and rules in place to contain extremist tendencies in the country
*PESA: Extending Panchayati Raj to Scheduled Areas
*Strategy to ensure equitable distribution and development in the neglected regions of the country
*Effective implementation of land reforms, security measures and welfare programmes in affected areas
*Displacement and rehabilitation packages in affected areas
*Issues of governance in districts plagued by extremism
*Development and displacement: a contradiction in Naxalite ideology?
*Politics, Religion and Extremism: a nexus
*Misguided youth of the nation and extremism


Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security


*Classification of threats under internal security: Traditional ( politico-military threats)
and Non-traditional (energy, water, environment, space, cyber etc) security threats
*Role of foreign actors in providing illegal arms and ammunition, mooting violence within the country with examples such as China, Pakistan etc
*Non-state actors like political factions, communal bodies, regional clans in spreading unrest and rebellion with case studies
*Police forces and machinery of the state to tackle internal security threats
*Extremism- the greatest threat to internal security
*Youth organizations, NGOs, civil society activists and internal security threats
*Operations and plans to contain the menace of Naxalism by the security forces
*Improving technology and infrastructure of the police and security forces to deal with anti-social extremist forces
*Role of the common man in aiding the state to prevent breaches in security
*Case studies of an instance of extremist insurgencies in India, aided by specific non-state actors
*Religious fundamentalist groups and extremism in India
*Need for specialised training and role of intelligence operations in tackling the challenge


Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of
media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, Basics of cybersecurity


*The boom of IT revolution, internet, telecommunication and expansion in possibilities in the area of communication.
*Significant online communities and their impact on the society
*Mobile phones, emails, instant messaging, video chats, CCTV and web cameras, tablets, smartphones, facebook, twitter, google, youtube and the ‘going viral’ phenomena: issues concerning privacy, identity and security
*Role of media in sensationalizing and containing security threats?
*Definition, concepts in cybersecurity
*Classification of threats into various levels in cybersecurity
* Role of social networking media in sparking the series of protests resulting in the Arab
Spring
* Incidents related to cybersecurity in the last decade
*Organisational structure and legal framework to ensure cyber security in India
*Protection of Critical Information Infrastructure
*UIDAI and cyber security in India
*Human Rights and Counter-insurgency
*Indian legal regime in comparison with the International legal regime in the field of
cybersecurity
*Public-Private Partnership in establishing and maintaining cybersecurity
*Journalistic/Media activism in India and its consequences
*Responsible citizenship and internal security
*Specialised training and intelligence operations in tackling the challenge


Money laundering and its prevention
*Definition, concept and causes of money laundering
*Black economy/Shadow economy/Parallel economy in India
*Money Laundering Act 2002, Prevention of Money Laundering Bill 2011
*Organizational structure to prevent money laundering in India
*Impact of the black economy on the economic growth and progress of the Indian state
*Process of money laundering: Placement, layering, integration
*Techniques of money laundering: Hawala, Structuring deposits, Third Party Cheques, Credit cards, Brokers
*Role of banks, insurance companies, securities market and other financial institutions in money laundering
*Safe-havens around the globe for black money; the Swiss banks and Indian
millionaires/billionaires
*Scams and scandals of money laundering in India
*Relation between the taxation regimes and money laundering
*Money laundering as an organized crime
*Money- the root of all evils
*International initiatives for regulation of money laundering: Basel Convention, UN Convention, GPML, FATF etc
*Money laundering as a threat to political stability of the nation
*Innovative strategies to combat the menace of money laundering


Security Challenges and their management in border areas, linkages of organized crimes with terrorism



*Organisational set up to manage borders: Border Security Forces, Border Roads Organization, Border Area Development Programme, Sashatra Seema Bal etc
*Legislative steps in ensuring border security
*Security issues along the borders
.Smuggling of goods in border regions
.Illegal migrants, cross-border settlements across porous borders, esp in the Northeast region
.Insurgency, trans-border ethnic ties and border management
.Water-bodies, water-sharing and borders
.Golden Triangle, smuggling of drugs across the borders
.Country specific border sharing issues with China,
.Bangladesh, Pakistan, Srilanka, Nepal
.Terrorism as a major threat to national security
.Terrorism and Organized Crime: Underworld mafia, counterfeit currency, illegal supply
of arms, smuggling of explosives into India, trafficking of nuclear/biological/
chemical/human weapons into the country and terrorist operations, the fight against cross border terrorism.
*Coast guard surveillance and services
*Coastal security and island territories, coastal police stations
*Religious fundamentalism and terrorist groups affecting the secular fabric of the nation
*Counterterrorism: laws, organizational structure, strategies and operation in India
*Terrorist attacks in India and Indian experience in counter-terrorism
*Role of human and technical intelligence in counter-terrorism
*International cooperation in combating terrorism
*Malevolent use of technological advances in communication networks by terrorist groups
*The age of globalization and advent of terrorism
*Sea piracy, international laws to fight it, Indian experience


Various security forces and their agencies and their mandate

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