Posted in International Relations

International Relations (IR) – How to prepare International relations (IR) for UPSC

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updated on August 29th, 2019

Syllabus covered in International Relations

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

 Current events of national and international importance

UPSC Mains Syllabus

India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Books and Material

  • Pax Indica by Shashi Tharoor- Voluntary
  • India’s Foreign Policy: Coping with the Changing World by Muchkund Dubey
  • World Focus Magazine
  • The Hindu
  • Live Mint
  • Indian Express articles by C Rajamohan
  • IDSA
  • MEA Website

World focus and The Hindu is available on MAGZTER

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Topics to be read for International Relations

  • Foreign Policy Of India
  • Milestones in Indian foreign policy
  • Geographical and historical factors relevant to India which has determined its relations with the neighbours
  • China India Bilateral Relationship
  • Pakistan,
  • Srilanka,
  • Bangladesh,
  • Nepal,
  • Myanmar,
  • Bhutan,
  • *Afghanistan,
  • Maldives
  • Vietnam India bilateral relations
  • Iran India bilateral relationship
  • *Recent developments in India’s relations with its neighbours
  • *Efforts at regional cooperation
  • *Prospects for better bilateral relations and chances of regional cooperation, including trade
  • Specific issues in detail:
  • *India Pakistan relations, thorny remnants of partition and Kashmir issue at the UN
  • *India-China relations, history of border negotiations and the issues involved
  • *India’s efforts at resolving the Tamil issue in Sri Lanka including details of negotiations
  • the Rajiv-Jayawardhane Agreement, Tamil Elam and Human Rights issue in Sri Lanka
  • *Myanmar’s path towards democracy and the role of Aung San Suu Ky
  • *Taliban, Western Powers in Afghanistan and India’s role in rebuilding the country
  • *Migrants’ issues with Bangladesh
  • *Maoists in Nepal
  • *Bhutan’s desire to assert itself
  • *Evolution of SAARC and inadequacy because of bilateral issues
  • *Regional groupings involving India and its neighbours
  • *India as a regional super-power
  • *Diversity of our neighbouring countries, which requires different strategies and approaches towards each one of them
  • *A road map for improving relations with the neighbors in the light of increasing Chinese influence in those countries
  • *Cultural ties between India and its neighbours
  • *Importance of Track III diplomacy / soft power in maintaining friendly relations with our neighbours
  • *India’s relations with significant global regional groupings such as ASEAN,
  • African Union,
  • India Should Improve trade with African Countries
  • European Union,
  • OECD,
  • the Arab League,
  • GCC,
  • APEC etc
  • India’s presence in prominent groupings like
  • IBSA,
  • BRICS,
  • G-77,
  • IOR-ARC,
  • BASIC etc
  • India’s Economic Interaction with the world through
  • IMF,
  • World Bank,
  • ADB,
  • APEC,
  • WTO,
  • UNIDO,
  • IBRD etc
  • Commerce and trade relations of India with the world via
  • ASEAN,
  • G20,
  • SAPTA,
  • SAFTA,
  • APTA,
  • NAFTA,
  • EFTA, Mekong-Ganga Cooperation
  • Climate Change negotiations and India: recent developments World Intellectual
  • Property Rights, WIPO, PCT, TRIPS and India
  • Non Proliferation Treaty, Nuclear Supplies Group and India
  • Important Treaties and Conventions signed by India such as Weapons of Mass Destruction, Chemical, Biological Weapons Conventions etc
  • Development Cooperation and Development Partnership Administration(DPA) by India
  • Benefits accrued to India from the international organizations. Successes and failures of multilateral diplomacy
  • India’s proposals for UN reform and India’s candidature for permanent membership of the UN Security Council
  • Greater importance being attached to smaller groupings rather than big international organizations and its impact on multilateral diplomacy
  • India’s relations with the following countries of the developed world: USA, UK, Russia,France, Germany, Japan ( For Daispora )
  • Terminologies such as Diaspora, Expatriates, Person of Indian Origin, Overseas Indian Citizen, Emigrants, Immigrants, Dual Citizenship etc
  • Structure and functions of the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs
  • Statistics relating to Indian Diaspora over the years; new trends in the context of
  • globalization
  • Remittances to the Indian Economy and its benefits
  • Influence of the Indian Diaspora in the United States, the UK etc, which has helped bilateral relations
  • Negotiations in Trade, Environment and Human Rights and the positions taken by the developed and the developing countries in them
  • Global economic recession and its effect on India
  • Impact of Pravasi Bharatiya Divas and Samman
  • Safety and protection of Indian workers/labourers abroad including the legal, social and political aspects of it
  • Case studies relating to Indian Diaspora in the Gulf, the Caribbean, South Africa, Fiji and Myanmar
  • *Condition of Indian citizens languishing in prisons abroad
  • India and the developed world join hands in combating terrorism
  • Cyberpolitics in International Relations
  • Indian Council for Cultural Relations, Indian Council of World Affairs and Public Diplomacy
  • United Nations Organization, its principal organs and various agencies
  • Financial instititutions such as the International Monetary Fund, World Bank,
  • International Development and Reconstruction Bank, Asian Development Bank, the
  • proposed BRICS bank
  • Environmental agencies such as Intergovernmental Panel for Climate hange, UNEP, International Union for
  • Conservation of Nature, Global Environment facility, World Nature Organisation etc
  • For on energy security such as International Renewable Energy Agency(IRENA),International Partnership for Energy Efficiency and Cooperation (IPEEC), the
  • Clean Energy Ministerial [CEM], Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21stCentury(REN21), SCO High Energy Club, International Energy Forum (IEF), Joint Oil DataInitiative (JODI) and UNESCAP
  • Trade related agencies such as WTO, UNIDO, ILO, WCO, OECD, OPEC etc
  • Law enforcing agencies such as INTERPOL, International Court of Justice
  • Nuclear Supplies Groups and Disarmament, role of IAEA
  • NGOs such as Amnesty International, Red Cross, Human Rights Watch, Greenpeace,
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) etc
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