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Oil Refining Industry In India

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updated on May 12th, 2019

Oil Refining Industry In India

Map of oil refineries in India .
  • Oil Refining Refineries process crude oil to produce various petroleum products such as petrol, diesel, kerosene oil, etc. There are presently 22 refineries in India processing domestically produced and imported crude.
  • Besides the 21 major refineries, there is a mini-refinery at Tatipaka in Andhra Pradesh which is owned by the Oil and Natural GasCorporation Ltd A number of refineries have been established in different parts of India keeping in view the availability of domestic and imported crude supplies and the market requirements of petroleum products.
  • Till a few years back all the refinery capacity of India was in public sector, However, with the opening of oil exploration and production to private sector recently, the establishment of refineries has also been allowed in the private sector.
  • Although much of the refinery capacity in India is still under the public sector, the role of the private sector is likely to expand in the future. watch this out once the private sector takes on, it might be a question in prelims.
  • Public Sector 120.66 MMTA
  • Joint Venture 15 MMTA
  • Private Sector 80 MMTA
  • MMTA is million metric tonnes per anum
  • Indian Oil Corporation and its subsidiaries Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd and Bongaigaon Refinery and Petro-chemical Ltd manage a total of 11 refineries; Bharat Petroleum and its subsidiaries Kochi Refineries Ltd. and Numahgarh Refineries Ltd. are managing 3 refineries and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd has 2 refineries. Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd have one and Reliance Petroleum Ltd . has two refineries.
  • The 22 refineries of India are located at Digboi, Guwahati, Barauni, Koyali, Haldia, Mathura, Mumbai (2 refineries), Vishakhapatnam, Chennai, Kochi, Bongaigaon, Numahgarh, Panipat, Mangalore, Trombay, Bina and Jamnagar. New refinery projects under implementation and in planning stages include those at Deogarh in Maharashtra, Bangalore in Karnataka, Paradeep in Odisha, Salava in Gujarat and Bathinda in Punjab.

Location of Oil Refineries

  • Location of oil refineries is very important. Since 250 million tonnes of finished oil products travel . Similar amount is shipped to the refineries.
  • 250000000000kgs x2 . So these refineries are either on the seaports(Yeah!! we import 80% of crude oil ) or source of crude oil.
  • 6 pipelines gas have been laid throughout the country. ( Mainly in North India, as it is landlocked and has a huge demand for fossil fuel energy

(i) Nunmati-Siliguri pipeline transport oil from Nunmati (Guwahati) in Assam to Siliguri in West Bengal.

(ii) Lakwa-Rudrasagar-Barauni pipeline has been constructed to carry crude oil from Lakwa and Rudrasagar to oil refinery at Barauni.

(iii) Barauni-Haldia pipeline, completed in 1966, transports refined petroleum products to Haldia port and bring back crude oil to Barauni refinery.

(iv) Barauni-Kanpur pipeline carries refined petroleum products from Barauni to Kanpur.

(v) Nunmati-Bangaigaon section of this pipe is used to transport raw materials for Bongaigaon petro-chemical complex.

(vi) Haldia-Rajbandh-Maurigram pipeline has been constructed to meet the requirements of southern part of West Bengal.

  • What u can do now , draw these pipelines in map of India , n expect a question on pipelines . Since they are expensive and for how long are we gonna use this fossil fuel . Global warming and Climate change is real . But transportation through pipelines is more sustainable . So stay glued to topic n comment to make it better

In news

  • Iraq is the largest supplier of crude oil to India, the second time in a row.
  • meeting more than a fifth of the country’s oil needs in 2018-19 fiscal year.
  • India provisionally imported 207.3 mt of crude oil in 2018-19, down from 220.4 mt in the previous financial year.
  • Saudi Arabia has traditionally been India’s top oil source, but it was for the first time dethroned by Iraq in 2017-18 fiscal year. In 2018-19, Saudi exported 40.33 mt of crude oil, up from 36.16 mt of oil sold in the previous year.
  • While India stopped importing crude oil from Iran following the reimposition of economic sanctions this month by the U.S., the Persian Gulf nation was the third largest crude oil supplier to India. It sold 23.9 mt of crude in 2018-19, up from 22.59 mt in the previous year,
  • UAE sold 17.49 mt of crude oil to India. In 2017-18, Venezuela had supplied 18.34 mt and UAE 14.29 mt. Nigeria was the next biggest supplier with 16.83 mt of exports in 2018-19, down from 18.11 mt in the previous year. Kuwait supplied 10.78 mt of oil and Mexico another 10.28 mt.
  • The USA has sold 6.4 mt to India, it started selling crude oil to India in 2017.

How to prepare Geography for UPSC ?

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