50. The Parliament of India exercises control over the functions of the Council of Ministers through
1. Adjournment motion
2. Question hour
3. Supplementary questions Select the correct answer using the code given below :
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer is ‘D’
In India, under the parliamentary form of government, executive is responsible to the Parliament for its policy decisions. Parliament exercises control over executive through various provisions of the Indian Constitution. The Members of parliament can ask questions and supplementaryquestions to the ministers on policy matters. Adjournment motion helps to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance in which the members of the Parliament can discuss flaws and lapses of administrative action. Question hour is the first hour of every sitting of both Houses of Parliament which is allotted to asking and answering questions on matters concerning the Government of India and expose some administrative abuse or excess. Thus, during this hour, the Government is put on trial over its actions.
Thus, adjournment motion, question hour, supplementary question, censure motion, no- confidence motion etc. are certain devices or tools of parliamentary proceedings by which accountability and transparency of ministers are ensured and thereby reduce administrative arbitrariness.
The mind of the Constituent Assembly , is clearly reflected in Option A,B and C . As They were discussed at length there . But The Preamble is more hollistic and covers the exact thought . For the future one should look for mains questions arising from this question like
46. The main advantage of the parliamentary form of government is that
(a) the executive and legislature work independently.
(b) it provides continuity of policy and is more efficient.
(c) the executive remains responsible to the legislature.
(d) the head of the government cannot be changed without election.
Answer is ‘C’
In a Parliamentary form of Government, real executive power lies with the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister which is responsible to the legislature. In other words, they hold office only if the majority in Lok Sabha supports them and must resign if they loose confidence. The Parliamentary form of Government is more suitable to India, since the members of Council of Ministers are drawn from the legislature, which is a miniature nation in the assembly. It ensures better representation for almost all sections of the heterogeneous population.
Option A: Democracy allows you to vote (by exercising your intellect), it gives you liberty and freedom of expression (so that you intellectual potential is fulfilled), and ensures adherence of moral values (character) such as justice and equality. So, A seems appropriate.
Option B: There is no ground for this statement.
Option C: Since it specifies a “superior individual”, it attaches a sense of privilege to selected people, which is against democratic values. It also does not clarify what the dynamism and vision means.
Option D: No ground.
So , Democracy is a form of government in which the sovereign power lies with the people. They take part in the governance of the country through their elected representatives. It is through representatives, the will of the people is expressed. So, the intelligence and the character of ordinary men and women should beefficiently used in order to express the real aspirations of the people.
This is a very straight forward Question . For such low hanging fruits one should learn the Preamble by heart . We have Written an article on Constitutional Values . this will be very helpful in solving simmillar questions
The Preamble embodies the fundamental values and the philosophy on which the constitution is based. The Preamble contains in a nutshell the ideals and aspirations of the people. The Preamble provides for certain minimal rights as liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. These are guaranteed against all the authorities of the State by Part III of the Constitution. Article 19guarantees protection of rights of freedom of speech, expression etc. Articles 25-28 embody right to freedom of religion including that of belief, faith, and worship. In this positive connotation, liberty would mean freedom of the individual to do what he likes. Thus, the Preamble to the Constitution embody liberty of thought, expression, belief ,faith and worship, not economic liberty. Economic justice is envisaged in Preamble, not economic liberty.
(a)Equal pay for equal work for both men and women
(b)Participation of workers in the management of industries
(c) Right to work, education and public assistance
(d) Securing living wage and human conditions of work to workers
Answer is ‘B’
Article 43A says that the State shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organizations engaged in any industry. It was added by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
This was added because Indira Gandhi has a vision of Socialism in her own ways . She wanted a tailor made arrangement for Socialist India , with democratic values .
5. One of the implications of equality in society is the absence of
Answer is ‘A’
Article 18 of the constitution justifies this. Under Right to equality, A18 abolishes titular privileges (except military or academic) granted to citizens of India.
Privilege is a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group. It is a right or advantage gained by birth, social position, effort, or concession, thus, not enjoyed by everyone. On the contrary, equality means the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities. Thus, one of the implications of equality in society is the absence of privilege.
14. “Rule of Law Index” is released by which of the following ?
(a) Amnesty International
(b) International Court of Justice
(c) The Office of UN Commissioner for Human Rights
(d) World Justice Project
Answer is ‘D’
The World Justice Project Rule of Law Index® measures rule of law adherence in 113 countries and jurisdictions worldwide based on more than 110,000 household and 3,000 expert surveys.
The World Justice Project (WJP) is an American independent, a multidisciplinary organization with the stated mission of “working to advance the rule of law around the world”. It brings rule of law index.
What is Rule of Law ?
the principle that all people and institutions are subject to and accountable to lawthat is fairly applied and enforced; the principle of government by law.
What is India’s Position in Rule of Law Index ?
India has been placed at 62 out of 113 countries in the world for upholding the rule of law , But this was in Jan 2018. Please find the latest rank and Comment below .
What are the parameter of measuring Rule of Law Index?
these are the 8 parameters Constraints on Government Powers, Absence of Corruption, Open Government, Fundamental Rights, Order and Security, Regulatory Enforcement, Civil Justice, and Criminal Justice. They can be helpful in writing polity n ethics mains paper .But as buffer material