Posted in Uncategorized

GS 1 prelim 2017/54

updated on March 27th, 2019

54. Mediterranean Sea is a border of which of the following countries?

1. Jordan

2. Iraq

3. Lebanon

4. Syria

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 3 and 4 only

Answer is ‘c’

Jordan and Iraq does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea.

So next time u r reading current affairs look at maps

Posted in Prelims

GS 1 prelim 2017/51

updated on March 27th, 2019

51. Which one of the following was a very important seaport in the Kakatiya kingdom ?

(a) Kakinada

(b) Motupalli

(c) Machilipatnam (Masulipatnam)

(d) Nelluru

Answer is ‘B’

 Motupalli, now in the Krishna district, was an important sea-port in the kingdom of Ganpati (an important Kakatiya ruler), frequented by foreign merchants.

It seems like paper setter was seeing too much Rudrama Devi on Set Max . A pretty tough question. But Marco Polo was here !!!!

Motupalli was a famous sea port during Kakatiya Period. Marcopolo, a Portuguese navigator, visited this place and wrote about the prosperity and power of Andhra Desa during the reign of Kakatiya kings in his travalogue.

Motipalli inscription, issued by King Ganapati, in the mid thirteenth century, specifies the rates accessed on a variety of items including scents such as sandal and civet, camphor, rose water, ivory, pearls, coral, a range of metals (copper, zinc, and lead), silk, pepper, and areca-nuts. This list gives us a good idea of the types of luxury goods that were being exported and imported through Motupalli port to other Indian regions along the coast, as well as to foreign territories.

Posted in Prelims

GS 1 prelim 2017/50

updated on March 27th, 2019

50. The Parliament of India exercises control over the functions of the Council of Ministers through

1. Adjournment motion

2. Question hour

3. Supplementary questions Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer is ‘D’

In India, under the parliamentary form of government, executive is responsible to the Parliament for its policy decisions.  Parliament exercises control over executive through various provisions of the Indian Constitution.  The Members of parliament can ask questions and supplementary questions to the ministers on policy matters.  Adjournment motion helps to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance in which the members of the Parliament can discuss flaws and lapses of administrative action. Question hour is the first hour of every sitting of both Houses of Parliament which is allotted to asking and answering questions on matters concerning the Government of India and expose some administrative abuse or excess. Thus, during this hour, the Government is put on trial over its actions.           

Thus, adjournment motion, question hour, supplementary question, censure motion, no- confidence motion etc. are certain devices or tools of parliamentary proceedings by which accountability and transparency of ministers are ensured and thereby reduce administrative arbitrariness.  

For Further Question have look at the post


Posted in Prelims

GS 1 prelim 2017/48

updated on March 26th, 2019

48. The mind of the makers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following?

(a) The Preamble

(b) The Fundamental Rights

(c) The Directive Principles of State Policy

(d) The Fundamental Duties

Answer is ‘A’

The mind of the Constituent Assembly , is clearly reflected in Option A,B and C . As They were discussed at length there . But The Preamble is more hollistic and covers the exact thought . For the future one should look for mains questions arising from this question like

PS go through Constitutional Values in Constitution of India ( Preamble )

Posted in Polity, Prelims

GS 1 prelim 2017/46

updated on March 26th, 2019

46. The main advantage of the parliamentary form of government is that

(a) the executive and legislature work independently.

(b) it provides continuity of policy and is more efficient.

(c) the executive remains responsible to the legislature.

(d) the head of the government cannot be changed without election.

Answer is ‘C’

In a Parliamentary form of Government, real executive power lies with the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister which is responsible to the legislature. In other words, they hold office only if the majority in Lok Sabha supports them and must resign if they loose confidence. The Parliamentary form of Government is more suitable to India, since the members of Council of Ministers are drawn from the legislature, which is a miniature nation in the assembly. It ensures better representation for almost all sections of the heterogeneous population.

Parliamentary Form Of Government in India

Posted in Science and Technology

GS 1 prelim 2017/45

updated on March 26th, 2019

45. With reference to agriculture in India, how can the technique of ‘genome sequencing’, often seen in the news, be used in the immediate future ?

1. Genome sequencing can be used to identify genetic markers for disease resistance and drought tolerance in various crop plants.

2. This technique helps in reducing the time required to develop new varieties of crop plants.

3. It can be used to decipher the host-pathogen relationships in crops.

Select the correct answer using the code given Below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer is ‘D’

Genome sequencing is figuring out the order of DNA nucleotides, or bases, in a genome—the order of As, Cs, Gs, and Ts that make up an organism’s DNA.

Justification: Statement 1:  Currently available newborn screening (genome) for childhood diseases allows detection of rare disorders that can be prevented or better treated by early detection and intervention.

Statement 2:  Naturally if the gene potential can be identified by screening and sequencing, it will help in better genetic engineering.

Statement 3: This can be reasoned logically based on the above.

Sequencing DNA means determining the order of the four chemical building blocks – called “bases” – that make up the DNA molecule.

Applications of genome sequencing

• Agriculture

DNA sequencing has played vital role in the field of agriculture. It can be used to identify geneticmarkers for diseases resistance, pest resistant, herbicide resistant and drought tolerance in various crop plants. DNA sequencing helps in reducing the time required to develop newvarieties of crop plants. It can also be used to decipher the host-pathogen relationshipsin crops. These plants can also fulfill the need of food in poor countries. Similarly, it has beenuseful in the production of livestock with improved quality of meat and milk.

PS : Genome Sequence is in these days , So expect more questions in near future . Till we write a good post about it make good notes on this .

Posted in Prelims, Science and Technology

GS 1 prelim 2017/44

updated on March 26th, 2019

44. The terms ‘Event Horizon’, ‘Singularity’, ‘String Theory’ and ‘Standard Model’ are sometimes seen in the news in the context of

(a) Observation and understanding of the Universe

(b) Study of the solar and the lunar eclipses

(c) Placing satellites in the orbit of the Earth

(d) Origin and evolution of living organisms on the Earth

Answer is ‘A’

By Asking this question, UPSC has just checked how much you are comfortable with science Jargon .

Event horizon, boundary marking the limits of a black hole. At the event horizon, the escape velocity is equal to the speed of light. Since general relativity states that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light, nothing inside the event horizon can ever cross the boundary and escape beyond it, including light. Thus, nothing that enters a black hole can get out or can be observed from outside the event horizon.

In the centre of a black hole is a gravitational singularity, a one-dimensional point which contains a huge mass in an infinitely small space, where density and gravity become infinite and space-time curves infinitely, and where the laws of physics as we know them cease to operate.

Current theory suggests that, as an object falls into a black hole and approaches the singularity at the centre, it will become stretched out or “spaghettified” due to the increasing differential in gravitational attraction on different parts of it, before presumably losing dimensionality completely and disappearing irrevocably into the singularity.

In string theory, there are no elementary particles (like electrons or quarks), but pieces of vibrating strings. Each vibration mode corresponds to a different particle and determines its charge and its mass. In the current understanding of the theory, those strings are not “made of” anything: they are the fundamental constituent of matter. The consequences of replacing point-like particles by vibrating microscopic strings are enormous. The only consistent framework to describe those strings implies a 10- or even conceivably an 11-dimension world in which 6 or 7 dimensions are curled up. Those extra dimensions are the ones which determine the properties of the world we live in. The larger dimensions are what we perceive as the ordinary space and time.

The theories and discoveries of thousands of physicists since the 1930s have resulted in a remarkable insight into the fundamental structure of matter: everything in the universe is found to be made from a few basic building blocks called fundamental particles, governed by four fundamental forces. Our best understanding of how these particles and three of the forces are related to each other is encapsulated in the Standard Model of particle physics. Developed in the early 1970s, it has successfully explained almost all experimental results and precisely predicted a wide variety of phenomena.

Posted in Prelims

GS 1 prelim 2017/43

updated on March 26th, 2019

43. Which of the following is a most likely consequence of implementing the ‘Unified Payments Interface (UPI)?

(a) Mobile wallets will not be necessary for online payments.

(b) Digital currency will totally replace the physical currency in about two decades.

(c) FDI inflows will drastically increase.

(d) Direct transfer of subsidies to poor people will become very effective.

Answer is ‘A’

 Option A and D: UPI allows a customer to pay directly from a bank account to different merchants, both online and offline, without the hassle of typing credit card details, IFSC code, or net banking/wallet passwords. So, A is correct and thus D is inappropriate in this context (as we are not talking about government to people transfer through UPI).

Option B : This can never happen as , even developed nations have not thought so ( yeah we follow them technically ).

Option C: FDI has nothing to do with UPI , I am unble to find a corelation , if u get some do comment .

The ongoing push by the Reserve Bank to revolutionise banking through the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) will leave mobile wallets redundant, as mobile banking has jumped over threefold.

If the UPI adoption continues mobile wallets like SBI’s Buddy, ICICI Bank’s Pockets, HDFC Bank’s Chiller and Paytm will be redundant.

The RBI wants to cut down on cash dependence and the UPI has been brought in to do just that. It will reduce the effort, time and cost incurred on simple transactions, below Rs 1 lakh.

Through UPI, two or three bank accounts can be linked and therefore any payment/withdrawal can then be done by just sending a message on this app.

Posted in Polity, Prelims

GS 1 prelim 2017/42

updated on March 26th, 2019

42. Democracy’s superior virtue lies in the fact that it calls into activity

(a)the intelligence and character of ordinary men and women.

(b) the methods for strengthening executive leadership.

(c) a superior individual with dynamism and vision.

(d) a band of dedicated party workers.

Answer is ‘A’

This is nicely framed question. To test your level of understating of the types of Governments. This can be developed by reading articles like

Option A: Democracy allows you to vote (by exercising your intellect), it gives you liberty and freedom of expression (so that you intellectual potential is fulfilled), and ensures adherence of moral values (character) such as justice and equality. So, A seems appropriate.

Option B: There is no ground for this statement.

Option C: Since it specifies a “superior individual”, it attaches a sense of privilege to selected people, which is against democratic values. It also does not clarify what the dynamism and vision means.  

Option D:  No ground.

So , Democracy is a form of government in which the sovereign power lies with the people. They take part in the governance of the country through their elected representatives. It is through representatives, the will of the people is expressed. So, the intelligence and the character of ordinary men and women should beefficiently used in order to express the real aspirations of the people.   

Posted in Prelims

GS 1 prelim 201/40

updated on March 26th, 2019

40. What is the purpose of setting up of Small Finance Banks (SFBs) in India?

1. To supply credit to small business units

2. To supply credit to small and marginal farmers

3. To encourage young entrepreneurs to set up business particularly in rural areas.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer is ‘A’

As per RBI Guidelines, “The objectives of setting up of small finance banks will be to further financial inclusion by (a) provision of savings vehicles, and (ii) supply of credit to small business units; small and marginal farmers; micro and small industries; and other unorganised sector entities, through high technology-low cost operations.” It will thus support unserved and underserved sections.

However, apart from the provision of credit, there is no explicit provision that SFBs have been set up to encourage the setting of businesses in rural areas. Statement 3 will be considered wrong.

Logical thinking !!! Industries should be setup in area which are well connected to the source of Raw Material and Marketplace . Other infrastructure are also needed apart from capital like , trained workforce , spare part market , roads , high speed internet ( as everything is online now ) . So starting a business in rural area is always an bad idea unless it has a source for raw material that is reduced in size or weight ( Can you think of some industries , in which the raw material quantity is more and finished product is minimal ?( See Comments ). Secondly , the industry is too much labour oriented . Ofcourse you find cheap labour in villages . Think of labour intensive industries !!!!!